Comprehensive Guide on How to Get Rid of Bed Bugs from Your Bed

Call for a Quote: 0800 211 8868

Dealing with a bed bug infestation can be a nightmare, but knowing how to get rid of bed bugs from your bed is crucial in reclaiming your peaceful sleep. In this comprehensive guide, we will explore various methods and preventive measures to help you eliminate these pesky insects from your sleeping space. So, let’s dive in and learn how to effectively tackle this common household problem.

Understanding the Bed Bug Problem


A pest control professional meticulously inspecting a Southend home for bed bugs, embodying the city's determined response to the infestation crisis.
Eradix Pest Control experts in action, leading the charge against the rising tide of bed bugs in Southend, showcasing the city’s resilience and proactive approach.


Bed bugs are small, parasitic insects that feed on human blood. They are a common household pest, and their presence can cause significant discomfort and stress. To effectively deal with a bed bug problem, it is essential to understand bed bugs, their behaviour, and their life cycle. This knowledge will help you identify signs of infestation, locate their hiding places, and choose the most effective treatment methods.

Identifying signs of a bed bug infestation

How to spot bed bugs? What are early signs of bedbugs? Early signs of an infestation often include bites from slept bed bugs, and these can escalate quickly if not addressed by a professional bedbug exterminator using effective bed bug killer methods. Bedbug visibility can be low as bedbugs are small enough to hide from the visible eye, often leaving behind subtle signs like bedbug poo on sheets and furniture. Recognizing the signs bed bugs leave behind is crucial for early detection and successful eradication. Some common signs of a bed bug infestation include:

  • Small, reddish-brown bugs on your mattress, bedding, or furniture
  • Tiny, dark faecal spots on your sheets or mattress
  • Small, white eggs or eggshells in crevices and seams of your bed
  • Shed skins from moulting bed bugs
  • Unexplained bites or rashes on your skin

By identifying signs of bed bugs early, you can take prompt action to prevent a more severe infestation. Bedbug detection is key in monitoring bed bug populations and should involve checking areas where bed bugs come, such as bedding and clothes bedding, using tools like a vacuum cleaner for immediate removal.


Early Bed Bug Stains on Sheets

One of the earliest indicators of a bed bug presence is the appearance of small, rust-coloured or dark brown stains on bedding. These stains result from bed bugs being crushed as you move in your sleep, or from their excrement. Regularly inspecting your sheets for these telltale signs can alert you to an infestation before it escalates.


Distinctive Bed Bug Bites

Bed bug bites often appear as small, red, itchy welts on exposed skin, typically in a line or cluster. Unlike mosquito bites, bed bug bites can develop a pronounced red area with a darker centre. The pattern and rapid appearance of multiple bites are strong indicators of a bed bug issue.


Sightings of Bed Bugs and Their Casings

Spotting live bed bugs, although challenging, is a definitive sign of an infestation. Adult bed bugs resemble apple seeds in size and colour, while their nymphs are smaller and paler. Additionally, bed bugs shed their skins five times before reaching maturity, so finding these translucent casings can indicate their presence.

bed bug nymphs and eggs
bed bug nymphs and eggs


Faecal Marks and Egg Shells

Bed bugs leave behind dark, ink-like faecal marks on mattress seams, bed frames, and walls. These marks, along with tiny, white eggshells, signal an active infestation.

bed bug droppings and adult bed bugs
bed bug droppings and adult bed bugs

What do bed bugs look like?

Being able to identify bed bugs is essential for effective pest control. Adult bed bugs look like small, flat, oval-shaped insects, measuring about 4-5 millimetres in length. They are reddish-brown in colour and have six legs. After feeding, their bodies become swollen and elongated, and their colour changes to a darker red. Bed bug nymphs are smaller and lighter in colour, making them harder to spot.

Where do bed bugs live and hide?

What do bedbugs look like? Bedbugs are small, flat, oval-shaped insects, about 4-5 millimetres in length, reddish-brown in colour, which makes them visible to the naked eye. Are bedbugs visible to the eye? While small, bedbugs are visible to the human eye, especially after they have fed when their bodies become swollen and a darker red. What does a bed bug bite look like? A bed bug bite typically appears as a small, red, itchy welt that may swell and can be arranged in a rough line or cluster. While bedbug bites may not always be immediately noticeable, they can develop into a distinctive bedbug rash that may stay on the body for several days, making it crucial to inspect your skin regularly. Bed bugs live in close proximity to their human hosts, typically hiding in cracks and crevices during the day and emerging at night to feed. Some common bed bug hiding places include:

  • Seams, folds, and piping of mattresses and box springs
  • Bed frames, headboards, and footboards
  • Upholstered furniture, such as sofas and chairs
  • Behind baseboards, electrical outlets, and wallpaper
  • Inside drawers, closets, and cluttered areas

Thoroughly inspecting these areas can help you find where bedbugs hide and target your treatment efforts effectively. To treat bedbug signs effectively and prevent a bedbugs infestation from becoming overrun, it is crucial to use bedbug-proof encasements and regularly inspect bedbug hiding places.

Life cycle of bed bugs: From eggs to adults

Understanding the life cycle of bed bugs is crucial for effective pest control. Female bed bugs lay white, oval-shaped bed bug eggs in hidden locations, such as mattress seams and cracks in furniture. These eggs hatch into nymphs, which go through five moulting stages before becoming adult bed bugs. The entire life cycle, from egg to adult, takes about 5-8 weeks, depending on temperature and food availability. How long do bedbugs last? Without food, bedbugs can survive for several months; however, in normal conditions where feeding is regular, they continue to reproduce and can persist indefinitely if not properly treated.

Damage caused by bed bugs: Beyond the bites

While bed bug bites are the most obvious sign of an infestation, damage bed bugs cause goes beyond bites. Bed bugs can also:

  • Trigger allergic reactions in sensitive individuals
  • Cause secondary skin infections from excessive scratching
  • Lead to sleep disturbances and anxiety
  • Damage furniture and belongings with their faecal matter and shed skins

Addressing a bed bug infestation promptly can help minimise these negative effects and restore your peace of mind.

Causes and Common Sources of Bed Bug Infestations

Understanding the causes of bed bugs and the common sources of bed bug infestations is crucial for effective prevention and control. By identifying bed bug sources, you can take appropriate measures to protect your home and belongings from these pests.

Main causes of bed bug infestations

What is the main cause for bedbugs? The main cause of bed bug infestations is the unintentional introduction of these pests into your home. This can happen through various means, such as:

  • Travelling and staying in infested accommodations
  • Bringing infested furniture, clothing, or luggage into your home
  • Living in close proximity to infested neighbours in multi-unit buildings
  • Visiting infested public spaces, such as movie theatres or public transportation

These causes lead to infestations by providing bed bugs with easy access to new environments where they can thrive and reproduce. Common sources where bedbugs live include bed frames, headboards, luggage and used furniture, which if not inspected can lead to bed bugs invading your home; using a steam cleaner during prep bed routines can help mitigate these risks.

How do bed bugs invade your home?

Bed bugs invade homes by hitchhiking on personal belongings, such as luggage, clothing, and furniture. They can also come from neighbouring infested apartments or houses, crawling through cracks and crevices in walls, floors, and ceilings. To prevent bed bugs from invading, it is essential to be vigilant when travelling, inspect second-hand items before bringing them into your home, and maintain a clean and clutter-free living space.

Common bed bug hotspots: Where are they found?

Common bed bug hotspots include areas where people sleep or spend extended periods, as well as places where bed bugs can easily hide and reproduce. Some of these hotspots are:

  • Bedrooms, particularly mattresses, box springs, and bed frames
  • Upholstered furniture, such as sofas and armchairs
  • Closets and storage spaces with clothing and linens
  • Public transportation, such as buses, trains, and aeroplanes
  • Hotels, hostels, and other temporary accommodations

By being aware of these hotspots, you can better identify bed bug evidence and take appropriate action to prevent or address infestations.

Can bed bugs live in carpets and other unexpected places?

While it is less common, bed bugs can live in carpets and other unexpected places where they can hide and feed. They may be found in:

  • Carpet edges and under rugs
  • Behind baseboards and crown moulding
  • Inside electrical outlets and light switches
  • Behind picture frames and wall decorations
  • Within electronic devices, such as alarm clocks and televisions

To check for bed bugs in carpets, use a flashlight and a stiff brush to inspect the edges and seams for signs of infestation. Regularly vacuuming and steam cleaning carpets can also help prevent bed bugs from establishing themselves in these areas. Professionals address the source of bedbug infestations with targeted pest control services that cover the entire home, including less visible areas where bedbugs may hide.

Effective Methods for Bed Bug Removal

There are several effective methods to get rid of bed bugs and ensure bed bug removal from your home. These methods include do-it-yourself treatments, heat treatments, chemical treatments, and hiring a professional exterminator. Each method has its pros and cons, and the best approach depends on the severity of the infestation and your personal preferences. How do pest control experts get rid of bed bugs? Pest control professionals use a combination of methods such as heat treatment, chemical insecticides, and vacuuming to thoroughly eliminate bedbugs from all hiding places. Can you get rid of bedbugs with a steam cleaner? Using a steam cleaner can be an effective method to kill bedbugs naturally, as the high heat from the steam penetrates their hiding places and kills them instantly.

DIY bed bug treatment: Pros and cons

DIY bed bug treatment involves using various techniques and products to eliminate bed bugs without professional assistance. Some common do-it-yourself bed bug treatments include vacuuming, steam cleaning, and using over-the-counter insecticides. The pros of DIY bed bug treatment include lower costs and the ability to address the problem immediately. However, the cons include the potential for incomplete eradication, the risk of spreading the infestation, and the possibility of using harmful chemicals incorrectly.

Using heat treatment to kill bed bugs

What kills bed bugs instantly? Heat treatment and bedbug sprays are proven methods that kill bedbugs instantly, ensuring rapid relief from a bed bugs infestation. Heat treatment is an effective method to kill bed bugs at all life stages, including eggs, nymphs, and adults. Bedbug heat treatment involves raising the temperature in the infested area to a level that is lethal to bed bugs, typically around 125°F (56°C) for at least 90 minutes. Heat treatment can be done using specialised equipment, such as portable heaters or steam cleaners. The advantages of heat treatment include its effectiveness, eco-friendliness, and the ability to treat large areas quickly. However, heat treatment can be expensive and may not be suitable for all types of infestations or living spaces. For natural bed bug treatment options, steam cleaners are highly effective; they use steam to kill bed bugs at all life stages and can help sanitise bedding hotspots where bedbugs live. Steam treatments not only steam kill bed bugs but are also one of the most effective non-chemical treatments, as the high heat penetrates bug harborage areas deeply.

Pest Control Chemical treatments for bed bug eradication: Quickest Way

The quickest way to tackle a bedbug infestation in your whole house is to engage pest control professionals like Eradix, a local pest control expert in London, who utilise comprehensive pest control services, including bug bombs and non-chemical treatments, ensuring nothing survives extermination. Chemical treatments involve using insecticides to eradicate bed bugs. There are various types of bedbug insecticides available, including pyrethroids, neonicotinoids, and insect growth regulators. Chemical treatments can be effective when used correctly, but they may require multiple applications and may not be suitable for all infestations. It is essential to follow the product instructions and safety guidelines to ensure the safe and effective use of chemical treatments.

The role of a professional exterminator in bed bug removal

Bedbug exterminators, like Eradix, specialise in bed bug extermination strategies that target the common places bedbugs are found, using a combination of bedbug spray and thorough cleaning of bedbug harborage areas. A professional exterminator can provide expert advice and services for bed bug removal. They have access to specialised equipment, techniques, and knowledge that can ensure a thorough and effective eradication. Professional bed bug control may involve a combination of heat treatment, chemical treatments, and other methods tailored to your specific situation. Hiring a professional exterminator can be more expensive than DIY methods, but it can save time and provide peace of mind knowing that the infestation has been properly addressed.

Bed bug fumigation: When should you consider it?

Bed bug fumigation is a powerful method for eliminating bed bugs and should be considered in severe infestations or when other methods have failed. Fumigation involves using a gas, such as sulfuryl fluoride, to penetrate all areas of the infested space and kill bed bugs. This method is highly effective but can be costly and requires the temporary evacuation of the treated area. It is essential to work with a licensed professional to ensure the safe and effective use of bed bug solutions involving fumigation.

Preventive Measures Against Bed Bug Infestations

Implementing preventive measures is crucial in avoiding bed bug infestations and ensuring a bug-free home. In this section, we will discuss various strategies to prevent bed bugs from invading your living space and how to stop them before they become a problem.

Bed bug prevention: How to stop them before they start

To prevent bedbugs, incorporate non chemical and chemical strategies like wash bedding and clothing at high temperatures to kill bed bug eggs, nymphs and adults, use bed bug traps and monitors and use natural bed bug treatments wherever possible. Bed bug prevention involves taking proactive steps to stop them from infesting your home. Some effective preventive measures include:

  • Inspecting second-hand furniture and luggage before bringing them into your home.
  • Sealing cracks and crevices in walls, floors, and furniture to eliminate hiding spots.
  • Using mattress and box spring encasements to protect your bed from infestations.
  • Regularly washing and drying bed linens and clothing at high temperatures to kill any potential bed bugs.

By following these steps, you can significantly reduce the risk of a bed bug infestation and prevent future problems.

Using bed bug interceptors and other trapping methods

Bed bug interceptors are devices designed to trap bed bugs as they attempt to climb onto your bed. These interceptors are placed under the legs of your bed and can help in trapping bed bugs before they reach your sleeping area. In addition to interceptors, other bed bug traps include sticky traps and CO2 traps, which lure bed bugs using carbon dioxide as an attractant. Utilising these trapping methods can help in early detection and prevention of bed bug infestations.

Keeping your bed clean: A simple step towards prevention

To ensure that bedbugs are not found in your home, make sure to vacuum bed areas thoroughly and use a tumble dryer on high heat for all bedding, as this combination is effective in eliminating bedbugs. Keeping your bed clean is a simple step that can significantly contribute to bed bug prevention. A clean bed is less attractive to bed bugs and can help in reducing the chances of an infestation. Some tips for maintaining a clean bed include:

  • Regularly washing and drying bed linens at high temperatures.
  • Vacuuming your mattress, box spring, and surrounding areas frequently.
  • Using a mattress encasement to protect your bed from bed bugs and allergens.

By maintaining a clean bed, you can create an unwelcoming environment for bed bugs and reduce the risk of infestation.

The importance of regular bed bug inspections

Understanding the importance of regular bed bug inspections is crucial in preventing infestations. Inspections can help in early detection of bed bugs, allowing you to take prompt action before the problem escalates. To conduct a bed bug inspection, follow these steps:

  • Examine your mattress, box spring, and bed frame for signs of bed bugs, such as live bugs, faecal spots, or shed skins.
  • Check surrounding areas, including nightstands, baseboards, and carpets for evidence of bed bugs.
  • Inspect other areas of your home, such as upholstered furniture, curtains, and closets, for signs of infestation.

Regular bed bug inspections can help you stay vigilant and proactive in preventing bed bug infestations, ensuring a comfortable and bug-free living environment. Should you get professional help for bedbugs? It is highly recommended to seek professional help for bedbugs, especially in severe infestations, as pest control professionals have the expertise and equipment to effectively and safely eliminate bedbugs

Dealing with the Aftermath of a Bed Bug Infestation

Once you have successfully eliminated a bed bug infestation, it is essential to address the dealing aftermath to ensure a comfortable and healthy living environment. In this section, we will discuss how to treat areas bitten by bed bugs, clean your bed and laundry, and prevent future infestations by learning from your experience with bed bugs.

How to treat areas bitten by bed bugs

After a bed bug infestation, it is crucial to treat areas that have been bitten by bed bugs to alleviate discomfort and prevent potential infections. To treat bed bug bites, follow these steps:

  • Wash the affected area with soap and water to remove any allergens and reduce itching.
  • Apply a cold compress or ice pack to the bite to reduce swelling and numb the area.
  • Use over-the-counter creams or ointments, such as hydrocortisone or calamine lotion, to relieve itching and inflammation.
  • Take oral antihistamines or pain relievers if necessary to alleviate itching and discomfort.

Remember to avoid scratching the bites, as this can lead to skin infections and scarring.

Cleaning your bed and laundry after a bed bug infestation

Cleaning your bed and handling laundry properly is essential after a bed bug infestation to remove any remaining allergens and prevent re-infestation. Follow these steps to ensure a clean and bug-free bed:

  • Wash all bed linens, clothing, and curtains in hot water and dry them on the highest heat setting to kill any remaining bed bugs and their eggs.
  • Vacuum your mattress, box spring, and bed frame thoroughly to remove any dead bed bugs, faecal matter, or shed skins.
  • Steam clean your mattress and upholstered furniture to kill any remaining bed bugs and sanitise the surfaces.
  • Consider using a mattress encasement to protect your bed from potential re-infestations.

Preventing future infestations: Lessons learned from bed bugs

After dealing with a bed bug infestation, it is crucial to apply the lessons learned to prevent future infestations. Here are some tips to help you avoid another encounter with bed bugs:

  • Be vigilant when travelling, inspecting hotel rooms for signs of bed bugs, and keeping your luggage off the floor and away from the bed.
  • Regularly inspect your home for signs of bed bugs, including checking your mattress, box spring, and bed frame, as well as other furniture and hiding spots.
  • Seal any cracks and crevices in your home to eliminate potential hiding spots for bed bugs.
  • Implement preventive measures discussed in the previous sections, such as using bed bug interceptors, maintaining a clean bed, and conducting regular inspections.

By applying these strategies, you can minimise the risk of another bed bug infestation and maintain a comfortable and healthy living environment. After bedbug extermination, continue to monitor bed areas and clean bed bugs remnants with a vacuum cleaner; contact professional help if signs of infestation persist, indicating not all bedbugs were eradicated. This complete guide to bed bug extermination recommends continuing to use bed bug spray periodically after the initial treatment to manage any bedbugs that might have survived extermination.

Summary of Our Complete Guide

In this comprehensive guide, we have covered the most important aspects of bed bug infestations, including understanding the problem, identifying causes and common sources, effective removal methods, preventive measures, and dealing with the aftermath. By following the advice and strategies provided in this article, you can successfully get rid of bed bugs from your bed and prevent future infestations, ensuring a comfortable and healthy living environment.

Key takeaways from this guide include:

  • Recognizing the signs of a bed bug infestation and understanding their life cycle, appearance, and hiding spots.
  • Identifying the main causes of bed bug infestations and common hotspots, such as travel, second-hand furniture, and cracks and crevices in your home.
  • Exploring various bed bug removal methods, including DIY treatments, heat treatment, chemical treatments, professional extermination, and fumigation.
  • Implementing preventive measures, such as bed bug interceptors, regular inspections, and maintaining a clean bed.
  • Addressing the aftermath of a bed bug infestation by treating bitten areas, cleaning your bed and laundry, and applying lessons learned to prevent future infestations.

By staying vigilant and proactive in your approach to bed bug prevention and removal, you can protect your home and family from these unwelcome pests and enjoy a peaceful, bug-free sleep.

Read our article: Rising Tide of Bed Bugs in Southend: A Commuter City’s Nightmare.

Contact Us


Reach out to us, and we’ll ensure a local specialist gets back to you.


A conversation about your pest concerns will be initiated, followed by an arranged evaluation if needed. We’ll offer a quotation and suggestions based on the findings.


Our BPCA certified expert will visit your property to conduct pest control treatments.


We are committed to ensuring your issue is fully resolved, with as many visits as necessary.